Let’s assume you really decided not to RTFM. Here it goes, ready to copy-paste:
sudo apt-get install build-essential pkg-config valgrind sudo bridge-utils sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 apt-get update sudo apt-get install libc6-dev-i386 libc6-dbg:i386 git clone git://github.com/RIOT-OS/RIOT.git cd RIOT/examples/hello-world/ make BOARD=native ./bin/native/hello-world.elf
You just (and only) saved yourselves approximately 8 minutes of reading the RIOT-OS introduction wiki page.
Let’s detail that.
$ sudo apt-get install build-essential pkg-config valgrind sudo bridge-utils
This will install the needed toolchain, and a bit of extra stuff as well, not really needed for this example, such as
bridge-utils. But you’ll get your host – almost – setup for RIOT development. If your’re reading this blog, I’d be surprised if this install anything on your system: as for me it only installed
bridge-utils, because my OS install is relatively fresh after an HDD failure. Notice the bit of recursive irony of running a
sudo apt-get install [...] sudo. Also note that
git should be added to this list.
$ sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 $ apt-get update $ sudo apt-get install libc6-dev-i386 libc6-dbg:i386
I’m running an amd64 64-bit architecture OS (Debian stretch aka testing). RIOT support 8, 16 and 32-bit platforms, and I guess (and actually hope) that 64-bit support is not a high emergency feature on its roadmap considering the targeted hardware. So OK, let’s install a 32-bit gcc toolchain as well.
$ git clone git://github.com/RIOT-OS/RIOT.git
Get the sources – duh!
$ cd RIOT/examples/hello-world/ $ make BOARD=native
And here is the output:
jbm@sumo:~/sandbox/RIOT/examples/hello-world$ make BOARD=native Building application "hello-world" for "native" with MCU "native". "make" -C /home/jbm/sandbox/RIOT/boards/native "make" -C /home/jbm/sandbox/RIOT/boards/native/drivers "make" -C /home/jbm/sandbox/RIOT/core "make" -C /home/jbm/sandbox/RIOT/cpu/native "make" -C /home/jbm/sandbox/RIOT/cpu/native/periph "make" -C /home/jbm/sandbox/RIOT/drivers "make" -C /home/jbm/sandbox/RIOT/sys "make" -C /home/jbm/sandbox/RIOT/sys/auto_init text data bss dec hex filename 27453 420 47688 75561 12729 /home/jbm/sandbox/RIOT/examples/hello-world/bin/native/hello-world.elf
One does not build from RIOT source code top-level directory, but from an application directory. And the build system will check that and guide you, as it guided me:
jbm@sumo:~/sandbox/RIOT$ make BOARD=native Welcome to RIOT - The friendly OS for IoT! You executed 'make' from the base directory. You should run 'make' in your application's directory instead. Please see our Quick Start Guide at: https://github.com/RIOT-OS/RIOT/wiki/Quick-Start-Guide Or ask questions on our mailing list: firstname.lastname@example.org (http://lists.riot-os.org/mailman/listinfo/users) Makefile:6: recipe for target 'all' failed make: *** [all] Error 1
cd to your application directory, and build from there specifying the target hardware. Since we have no hardware, we’ll build a host executable using the native hardware platform.
Run your application as a Linux process.
And here is the output:
jbm@sumo:~/sandbox/RIOT/examples/hello-world$ ./bin/native/hello-world.elf RIOT native interrupts/signals initialized. LED_RED_OFF LED_GREEN_ON RIOT native board initialized. RIOT native hardware initialization complete. main(): This is RIOT! (Version: 2016.07-devel-176-g16da-sumo) Hello World! You are running RIOT on a(n) native board. This board features a(n) native MCU.
And that’s it.
So far, that’s what I call “developer friendly”.
If you’ve read this far, you should now really, really, go back to RIOT introduction wiki page – read time is only about 8 minutes.